Blood works – rec. cholesterol values etc.

Tests which should be considered:


Insulin resistance

There is no single test for IR, but the following are often tested…

  • Blood pressure equal to or higher than 130/85 mmHg
  • Fasting blood sugar (glucose) equal to or higher than 100 mg/dL or 5.55 mmol/L
  • Elevated insulin levels, the range is 2.0-20 ŒºIU/mL or 14-140 pmol/L
  • Elevated CRP – a marker for inflammation
  • Large waist circumference – 35 inches or 87.5cm or more
  • Low HDL cholesterol – Under 50 mg/dL or 1.3 mmol/L
  • Triglycerides equal to or higher than 150 mg/dL or 1.79 mmol/L

Medline Insulin resistance
Lab Tests Online – Understanding insulin resistance

Vitamin D (low) (essential test)

The test should be done for 25-hydroxyvitamin D, also called calcidiol. The following list gives an indication of levels of vitamin D found in the blood…

  • Sufficient 50-100ng/ml or 124.80-249.60nmol/L
  • Hypovitaminosis less than 30ng/ml or 75 nmol/L
  • Deficiency less than 25ng/ml or 62.4nmol/L

Vitamin D Council

Parathyroid hormone (possibly increased)

Normal values are 10-55 pg/mL or 10-55 ng/L

Medline Parathyroid hormone

CRP (increased)

The level of CRP rises when there is inflammation throughout the body, normally none should be found. Levels if found, vary from 0.08 mg/L to 3.1mg/L or 0.76 to 28.5 nmol/L

Medline CRP

Glucose (levels sometimes increased)

Normal levels are up to 100 mg/dL or 5.55 mmol/L

Persons with levels between 100 to 126 mg/dL or 5.55 mmol/L to 6.99 mmol/L may have impaired fasting glucose or insulin resistance.

Diabetes is diagnosed when fasting blood glucose levels are 126 mg/dL or 6.99 mmol/L and higher.

Medline Glucose

Cholesterol (sometimes increased)

Total cholesterol…

  • Desirable: Under 200 mg/dL or 5.18 mmol/L
  • Borderline high: 200 to 239 mg/dL or 5.18 mmol/L to 6.19 mmol/L
  • High risk: 240 mg/dL and higher or 6.21 mmol/L

HDL cholesterol

Levels should be >40 mg/dL or 1.04 mmol/L

Men are at particular risk if their HDL is below 37 mg/dL or 0.96 mmol/L

Women are at particular risk if their HDL is below 47 mg/dL or 1.22 mmol/L

LDL cholesterol

  • Optimal: Less than 100 mg/dL or 2.59 mmol/L
  • Near Optimal: 100 – 129 mg/dL or 2.59 mmol/L to 3.34 mmol/L
  • Borderline High: 130 – 159 mg/dL or 3.38 mmol/L to 4.12 mmol/L
  • High: 160 – 189 mg/dL or 4.14 mmol/L to 4.90 mmol/L
  • Very High: 190 mg/dL and higher or 4.92 mmol/L

Medline Cholesterol

Triglycerides (sometimes increased)

  • Normal: Less than 150 mg/dL or 1.79 mmol/L
  • Borderline High: 150 – 199 mg/dL or 1.79 mmol/L to 2.25 mmol/L
  • High: 200 – 499 mg/dL or 2.26 mmol/L to 5.64 mmol/L
  • Very High: 500 mg/dL or above or 5.65 mmol/L

Medline Triglycerides



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